Thursday, December 27, 2007

Adjusting to life after treatment

Clinical and anecdotal findings suggest that the completion of cancer treatment may be marked by heightened distress and disrupted adjustment. The study examined psychological adjustment during the 3 months following treatment among 89 women with stages 0-III breast cancer. Participants completed measures of depression, cancer-related anxiety, cancer concerns, and quality of life at three time points: during treatment, 3 weeks following the end of treatment, and 3 months post-treatment. Post-treatment scores were suggestive of good psychological adjustment among the majority of women. Moreover, distress did not increase following treatment; longitudinal analyses showed no significant changes in depression or recurrence worry, while intrusive thoughts decreased, and quality of life improved. Younger age predicted greater distress across measures. A history of depression or anxiety predicted greater depressive symptomatology, while more extensive treatment predicted greater cancer-related anxiety. Despite the lack of distress endorsed on general depression and anxiety indices, participants reported moderate distress associated with cancer-related concerns, including physical problems, fear of cancer recurrence, and resuming normal life. In sum, while breast cancer survivors demonstrate good adjustment on general distress indices following treatment, some women are at risk for sustained distress. Moreover, significant cancer-related concerns are prevalent and may be important intervention targets.

Friday, December 21, 2007

Breast infections

Breast infections often are caused when bacteria commonly found on the surface of the skin enter the body through a sore or crack on the breast, usually on the nipple. These infections are more common in women who breast-feed than among those who don't.

Symptoms of a breast infection include pain, soreness and swelling of the breast.
These symptoms should be evaluated by a doctor to rule out a rare type of breast cancer.

If your doctor determines that you have a breast infection, the doctor may prescribe an antibiotic.

To ease soreness, you can apply a warm, damp cloth to the breast several times a day. You should also continue to breast feed or pump to prevent soreness from excess milk.

Friday, October 26, 2007

Muscle relaxants

Brand Name: Soma
Chemical Name: carisoprodol

Brand Name: Flexeril
Chemical Name: cyclobenzaprine hydrochloride

Brand Name: Valium
Chemical Name: diazepam

Brand Name: Skelaxin
Chemical Name: metaxalone

Brand Name: Robaxin
Chemical Name: methocarbamol

The muscle-relaxing effects of this class of medication are most likely the result of their ability to depress the central nervous system. They are also called sedatives.

Why It Is Used

Muscle relaxants can be helpful when severe muscle spasms follow the start of low back pain.

Diazepam (Valium) and carisoprodol (such as Soma) are not recommended for use by pregnant women, older adults, or people who have depression or a history of drug or alcohol addiction.

How Well It Works

For acute low back pain, muscle relaxants improve pain, muscle tension, and mobility more effectively than a placebo does.1 However, side effects are common.

For chronic low back pain, muscle relaxants may relieve pain and lead to overall improvement, but side effects are common.2

Side Effects

Possible side effects of muscle relaxants include:

* Drowsiness or dizziness.
* Possible addiction or dependence.
* Dry mouth.
* Urinary retention.

See Drug Reference for a full list of side effects. (Drug Reference is not available in all systems.)

Muscle relaxants should only be taken at bedtime and never before driving or operating machinery.

Use of muscle relaxants is restricted to short-term use to avoid addiction.

Monday, January 22, 2007

Brand Names, Synonyms

Carisoprodol Brand Names and Synonyms:
1. Apesan
2. Arusal
3. Atonalyt
4. Brianil
5. Calenfa
6. Caprodat
7. Carisol
8. Carisoma
9. Carisoprodate
10. Carisoprodatum
11. Carlsodol
12. Carlsoma
13. Carlsoprol
14. Carsodal
15. Carsodol
16. Coprobate
17. Diolene
18. Domarax
19. Flexal
20. Flexartal
21. Flexartel
22. Flibol E
23. Isobamate
24. Isomeprobamate
25. Isopropyl Meprobamate
26. Isoprotan
27. Isoprotane
28. Isoprothane
29. Izoprotan
30. Mediquil
31. Meprobamate
32. Meprocon
33. Mioartrina
34. Miolisodal
35. Miolisodol
36. Mioratrina
37. Mioril
38. Mioriodol
39. Nospasm
40. RELA
41. Relasom
42. Relax
43. Sanoma
44. Skutamil
45. Soma
46. Somadril
47. Somalgit
48. Somanil
49. Stialgin
50. Tonolyt Isopropyl Meprobamate

Brand Name Mixtures - Not Available
Chemical IUPAC Name - [2-methyl-2-(1-methylethylcarbamoyloxymethyl)pentyl]aminomethanoate

Saturday, January 06, 2007

What is carisoprodol

Carisoprodol is a muscle relaxant. It works by blocking nerve impulses (or pain sensations) that are sent to your brain.

Carisoprodol is used, along with rest and physical therapy, to treat injuries and other painful muscular conditions.

Carisoprodol may also be used for purposes other than those listed in this medication guide.
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